There’s so many apps and web services available that it’s hard to know what to use. This list of apps and services has been compiled with a few principles in mind; they are mostly free and open source (the code is public for everyone to inspect), or the company that makes them values the security and privacy of their users.

Maybe you are looking for something specific, maybe something more ethical or maybe you are just looking for alternatives to the big corporate data-sucking giants like Google, Facebook & Microsoft. Either way, I hope you find this list useful and if you have any comments or questions, feel free to get in touch.

Web Browsers

It’s easy to use Google Chrome, but not necessarily best. Not only is Chrome sucking up your computer’s resources, but also your personal data. Google make big money off what they know about you.

Try using something different. Firefox was rated Best Browser of 2019 by Top Ten Reviews and is made by a company that don’t want to harvest your data. Here’s two flavours of Firefox;

A logo for Waterfox web browser. It's the shape of the letter 'W' but with a fox tail and water effect on the lettering.

Waterfox — Built on top of the original code for Firefox. Strips the browser back to basics and focuses on speed and privacy.

Available for;

💻 · Windows · Mac · Linux
📱 · Android

Firefox logo as of 2019. It looks like a fire-like tail of a fox in a swirled circular motion.

Firefox — Created by Mozilla. An organisation that doesn’t sell your data to make money. I wrote a whole blog post about Firefox.

Available for;

💻 · Windows · Mac · Linux
📱 · Android · iPhone

Browser Addons

As you browse the web, there are companies like Facebook and Google that will track your activity. So will hundreds of advertisers. Improve your privacy by installing these extensions:

The logo and icon for Privacy Badger, featuring an illustration of a smiling badger head with an orange outer glow.

Privacy Badger — works out which companies are tracking you as you use the web and blocks them.

⬇️ · Download Privacy Badger

The logo and icon for HTTPS Everywhere, represented by a bold 'S' letter on a blue block background.

HTTPS Everywhere — tries to make it more secure to connect to any website.

⬇️ · Download HTTPS Everywhere

Search Engines

When Google arrived on the scene it was great. To be honest, Google is still pretty great at delivering search results. However, Google used to have the tag line “Don’t be evil” and had to drop it because it’s hard to follow when you are a corporate giant and industry monopoly that doesn’t pay your taxes.

Fortunately, there are a few alternatives. They might be a bit different to how Google looks or feels, but even if you use them for some or most of your searches – that’s better than using Google for everything.

The logo for the Ecosia search engine - visually represented by an illustration of the earth, surrounded by an orange ring.

Ecosia — the search engine that promises to use 80% of it’s profits each month to plant trees around the world. Great for the environment.

🔍 · Search with Ecosia

The logo and icon for DuckDuckGo search engine, represented by an illustration of a smiling white duck wearing a green bow-tie on a red circular background.

DuckDuckGo — a search engine with privacy as it’s focus. They don’t track or save any of the searches you make. Really nice privacy-based search.

🔍 · Search with DuckDuckGo

Messenger Apps

Instagram, WhatsApp and Messenger are all owned by Facebook who make money out of tracking what you do online and who you speak to. Snapchat, Telegram and some others don’t offer good levels of privacy as default.

Switching to a new messaging app is hard because quite often you sign up and realise none of your best friends use the app. Try installing one of these apps and keep it on your phone or computer so that the friends who do want a more privacy-focused experience can have one:

The logo and icon for Signal Messenger represented by a speech bubble with a dashed outline.

Signal Messenger — free, encrypted messaging, voice and video calling.

Available for:

💻 · Windows · Mac · Linux
📱 · Android · iPhone

The logo and icon for Wire messaging app, featuring a black stylised 'W' letter on a white background.

Wire — free (for personal use), encrypted messaging, voice and video calling.

Available for:

💻 · Windows · Mac · Linux
📱 · Android · iPhone

Password Management

It’s good practice to ensure that every single web service you sign up for uses a unique, strong, lengthy password. However, remembering so many passwords can be a pain in the ass.

Paid services like LastPass and 1Password are good for this problem, but you can also do this yourself with the following free and open source apps. And if you keep your password database in a syncing service like OneDrive, Dropbox, etc. then you can access your passwords on all your devices.

The logo and icon for Keeweb, represented by a white key illustration on a blue background.

Keeweb — a comprehensive and nice looking password manager. Has a built-in password generator.

Available for:

💻 · Windows · Mac · Linux
🌐 · Online web app (no install needed)

The logo and icon for KeePass DX, represented by an illustration of a key with a line through it to make an 'X' on a green background.

KeePass DX — a really nicely designed app (for a password manager) that is useful for accessing your passwords on the go.

Available for:

📱 · Android

VPN (Virtual Private Network)

There are a few reasons why you might want to start using a VPN; to by-pass government censorship, to stop your internet provider from snooping on what you browse online, to do some “illegal” activities like downloading movies, or to fake your location by-pass region locking.

Whatever your reasons, you should find a VPN provider that you trust. All your internet traffic is routed through a new server to give you a layer of anonymity. Here are two recommendations that I currently trust, but be sure to do some research yourself.

The logo for Azire VPN - represented by a white 'A' letter on a purple square.

AzireVPN — based in Sweden and running 24 servers in 6 countries. Fast, no-log policy, supports file sharing.

💸 Referral code · 646ztV9XvQ

ℹ️ · Find out more

The logo for Mullvad, represented by a mole wearing a hard hat with a lamp.

Mullvad VPN — known to have a good reputation to date, you can start using Mullvad without handing over any personal information.

ℹ️ · Find out more

Operating Systems

Some people hate Microsoft Windows. For “the best experience” you are encouraged to allow Microsoft to track a lot of your activity. Users of Apple‘s Mac range fair a little better, but if you want to free yourself from the grips of corporations, maybe a new operating system is for you.

Installing a new operating system can be pretty daunting if you’ve never done it before. Switching to Linux for the first time will be a learning experience – but if all you use your laptop for is the internet, there is no reason why you need to stick with Windows or Mac OS.

The icon and logo for Elementary OS, represented by a classy stylised lowercase 'E' letter in swirly style in the center of a circle.

Elementary OS — a fast, open, and privacy-respecting replacement OS for Windows and Mac computers.

ℹ️ · Find out more

The logo and icon for Ubuntu OS, represented by a segmented circle shape with three equally distributed solid circles. Each segment and circle combined represent a person and together the three appear to be holding hands to complete the logo.

Ubuntu OS — a very popular version of Linux. My second favourite version, after Elementary OS.

ℹ️ · Find out more